... and what if knowledge were owned shared by libraries?
What if you could work with other libraries to enhance your catalogue, improve the visibility of your collections and provide a better user experience for your patrons?
The Share - Linked Data Environment is a global family built on collaboration that brings libraries, archives and museums together with a common goal and joins their knowledge in an ever-widening network of inter-connected bibliographic data.
BIBFRAME: cataloguing for linked data
The BIBFRAME data model was designed to replace MARC standards. It uses a linked data model to make bibliographic data more useful both within the library community and across the world wide web.
BIBFRAME organises elements of bibliographical information in order to identify relationships between resources. This allows search engines to differentiate between a conceptual Work (such as Dante's Divine Comedy) and physical manifestations of the same Work, which may vary in aspects such as year of publication, illustrations, translation and format.
By linking and disambiguating information in this way, BIBFRAME allows patrons to navigate seamlessly among resource descriptions and to discover resources serendipitously within the library's catalogue.
What is Linked Data?
Linked Data creates a web of information. Data is structured using standard identifiers and coded with semantic meaning in a way that allows machines to understand it, recognise relationships and use them to interlink related data.
Why is it important?
Linked Data makes information more accessible and easier to discover. By connecting related data and indicating the relationships between them, computers can deliver better and more relevant search results.
How can linked data benefit libraries, museums and archives?
Linked Data can improve the visibility of information, collection items and resources for end users.
Traditional catalogue records in MARC format contain static and independent text data with no links between various records and items. This means that a vast quantity of information about library, museum and archive collections often remains locked in data silos and hidden from view.
Using linked data increases the chances of otherwise invisible information being discovered, shared and re-used, allowing libraries, museums and archives to reach patrons more easily and directly through the world wide web. This can be achieved in catalogues using BIBFRAME.
Libraries, archives and museums hold a vast quantity of data and resources that, until now, have often remained hidden from sight in catalogues and archives. By implementing the BIBFRAME data model and facilitating the interoperability with IFLA LRM, Share - Linked Data Environment transforms bibliographic information into Linked Data, revealing it to a wider audience and encouraging greater engagement with library, archive and museum collections.
Linking bibliographic data and resources from a network of libraries increases the dissemination and discoverability of research knowledge and allows patrons to search in the data of a range of libraries at once.
Share - Linked Data Environment...
supports libraries, archives and museums in the transition from traditional cataloguing environments to innovative models based on linked open data and collaborative entity management
harnesses the potential of linked open data to connect and present library information in dynamic formats
enhances the visibility of all library resources, including those that may previously have remained undetected in a traditional catalogue
Thanks to innovative technology, the Share - Linked Data Environment can:
convert your library catalogues from MARC to linked open data
enrich your original MARC data and records converted into linked open data
reconcile and clusterize entities created through the conversion of library data
guarantee the quality and authoritativeness of data also through new forms of collaborative endeavour
deliver converted and enriched data for reuse in your systems
publish library records in linked open data on an advanced entity discovery platform
facilitate the interoperability among different data models and data pools
The benefits for your library?
The shift toward the linked open data paradigm, adopting the path of an entity-oriented environment, makes it possible to build a new, flexible and sustainable bibliographic ecosystem, facilitating the re-use of enriched and structured data, extending the visibility of and access to knowledge.
You remain in control of your own data: each individual library receives the information corresponding to its own catalogue in linked open data and this may be re-used according to local requirements and with no restrictions.
Developed in close collaboration with, and still guided by, the international library community, Share opens the door to a flexible, sustainable and co-operative approach to library data.
We collaborate with the Linked Data for Production (LD4P) initiative and the Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) on the application and understanding of linked data.
The Share Family...
creates connections based on the focus areas of libraries' bibliographic data, enhancing and extending networks of information
provides librarians and information professionals with advanced tools that allow direct interaction with bibliographic data
enables libraries, archives and museums to keep pace with web technology as it evolves
The concept behind the Share family originates in Share-VDE, the practical continuation of an initial pilot project which began in October 2016. Thanks to the active involvement and collaboration of a group of prestigious North American and European national and research libraries, Share-VDE has evolved from a Research and Development project to become a real and effective environment that puts linked data for libraries into practice.
The role of Share-VDE in linked open data for libraries is outlined in detail in the Share-VDE Statement.
Share-VDE 2.0, which includes an advanced, collaborative entity management system and entity discovery portal, will be launched in stages, with the first official launch in September 2021.
Building on the approach defined within Share-VDE, the Share family brings together the bibliographic catalogues and authority files of libraries with similar scope in shared discovery environments; its principles are tailored to specific domains or disciplines to accommodate their distinct characteristics, systems, habits and cataloguing traditions.
The Share family currently comprises (some in beta version):
Share-Virtual Discovery Environment
The collective LOD catalogue of a growing number of leading academic and national libraries from across Europe and North America
The union LOD platform of a network of Italian university libraries
Program for Cooperative Cataloging Linked Open Data pool
National Bibliographies Linked Open Data Environment
Kubikat Linked Open Data pilot project
The options for your library?
Share - Linked Data Environment provides a number of services, applications and technology, all based on the LOD Platform, an innovative framework developed specifically for the conversion, structuring and re-use of bibliographic data in linked open data, according to the BIBFRAME data model.
You choose: discover more about each individual component in the chart below.
The technology behind the Share family is developed and maintained by @Cult, ILS provider and software house specialising in the design and creation of solutions for information management and knowledge sharing.
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Advanced API Layer
GraphQL technology with advanced architecture and search API layer
Advanced Entity Model
Advanced 4-layered entity model, based on BIBFRAME 2.0 and interoperable with multiple schemes (BIBFRAME, IFLA-LRM etc.)
Data of member libraries are grouped by domain or similar characteristics in ad hoc tenants
Suitable for library consortia willing to renovate their union catalogue
Triple store indexing
Linked data detailss created from the original MARC records
and the clusters of entities in the CKB are published on a triple store
and can be queried through SPARQL endpoint
Integration with other systems
Development of APIs for interoperability and cooperation with third
parties (e.g. LD4P - Linked Data for Production)
New generation of services for authority control
Combination of automated and manual checks of data quality
Creation of authority records
J.Cricket editor for updating and modifying linked data entities
Discovery Portal 1.0
Interface for the standard discovery system
Discovery Portal 2.0
Advanced entity discovery system based on BIBFRAME
Customised UI (skin)
Integration with local APIs
Site mapping with additional meta-tagging
Data conversion to Schema.org
The library catalogue is converted according to BIBFRAME 2.0 (including additional vocabularies and ontologies as needed)
The linked data detailss created in the conversion are reconciled and linked to original Share URIs, and published on the discovery portal
The library receives the file from the Cluster
Knowledge Base with the clusters of linked data
entities including original Share URIs, URIs from
external sources and variant forms
The data from the Cluster Knowledge Base
is published on the discovery portal and on the
The original library records are converted to
BIBFRAME 2.0 (including other vocabularies and
ontologies as needed), enriched with URIs from
external sources and delivered to the library
The MARC records from the library catalogue
are enriched with original Share URIs and URIs
from external sources, and published on the
Becoming part of the global Share family of libraries, museums and archives means sharing data and co-operating with the greater international library community.
The family continues to expand as more and more libraries worldwide embrace the opportunity to be involved in an international network of information, creating dialogue, participation and partnership, working together for the future of bibliographic data.
The Share family and opportunities for collaboration with the Share family are promoted by bibliographic agency and library supplier, Casalini Libri, software house and developer of knowledge sharing solutions, @Cult, and the Share-VDE Advisory Council and its working groups.
Get in touch with us to find out more about how the Share family can help your library.